Golden Retriever Breed Dog
The Golden Retriever Golden retriever is known to have originated in the United Kingdom, in Scotland to be precise. This breed appeared in 1850, the result of crosses looking for a dog that had a high hunting instinct but did not harm the prey.
That is why it has hunting abilities. Because of its intelligence and nobility it is perhaps the most popular breed in the world.
Today, as well as being a wonderful companion dog, it has skills as a guide dog, therapy dog, police dog, rescue dog, etc.
It is considered the pioneer of the golden retriever breed, by crossing the smooth-coated retriever with the tweed water spaniel.
Curiously, the result of both breeds was a light-coated dog.
Later, other breeds were added to the crossbreed, such as the bloodhound, the Irish setter and various retrievers.
The breed was named "yellow retriever" in 1913.
But the official name was changed to retriever golden in 1920.
- Golden Retriever Golden Retriever breed dog Characteristics
- Retriever golden retriever breed dogs, know their Character
Golden Retriever Golden Retriever breed dog Characteristics
- 📌 Origin: Europe, United Kingdom.
- 📏 FCI Classification: Group VIII.
- 🐩 Physique: Rough, Proportionate, Muscular and Long Ears.
- 🚀 Size: Medium-Large.
- 🚏 Height: Between 55 and 70 centimetres.
- ☝️ Adult Weight: Between 25 and 45 kilos.
- 💝 Life expectancy: Between 10 and 12 years.
- 🚁 Recommended Physical Activity: High.
- 🥇 Character: Balanced, Sociable, Active and Affectionate.
- 👌 Ideal for: Children, Hunting, Hiking, Flats, Houses and People with disabilities.
- 👍 Recommendations: Use of Harness.
- 🌤 Recommended Climate: Temperate.
The Golden Retriever Golden retriever is a medium to large sized dog, with a body somewhat longer than tall and a dense golden coat that characterises it.
This coat gives it an elegance not possessed by other hunting dogs.
In general, the image of the golden retriever is that of a noble, well-proportioned, rather powerful and active dog.
The submissive and calm expression of these dogs is therefore iconic.
There are two somewhat differentiated lines according to breed standards, one is the UK line and the other is the American line, with small ones only recognised by breed experts.
In terms of height, males should be between 56 and 61 centimetres at the withers, the bitch being slightly shorter, about 2 centimetres.
The head maintains a perfect proportion in relation to the body, without appearing heavy or light.
The skull is well moulded, being broad but not too broad. The nasal-frontal depression is quite well defined and evident, but not totalitarian.
The nose of the golden retriever is dark. The eyes are medium sized with a calm and intelligent expression.
Eyes set wide apart with dark rims of the eyelids.
Regarding the ears of the retriever golden retriever breed dog, they are set at about the level of the eye line, and usually hang over the cheeks.
The muzzle is powerful in appearance, somewhat broad and quite deep.
It has strong jaws as the retriever golden retriever breed dog closes with almost exact scissors, very regular and quite complete.
He has a balanced body, slightly longer than tall.
The topline (back) is usually horizontal with a short, strong and quite muscular loin in almost all cases.
The chest and ribs are deep and well sprung, but not barrel shaped.
The tail of the retriever golden retriever breed dog is set on level with the dorsal line, and is usually thick and quite muscular at the base, the last vertebra usually reaching to the hock.
The front legs of the golden retriever are straight and well boned.
Shoulders somewhat oblique with rather long shoulder blades.
The arms are of the same length as the shoulder blades, therefore the elbows are very close to the bulk of the body and the forelegs lie well under the body.
The hind legs are strong and well muscled.
The feet of the golden retriever are compact and of good size. Known as "cat feet".
If you are considering adopting a dog, this breed can be a perfect alternative.
Retriever golden retriever breed dogs, know their Character
The affable and noble behaviour of the golden retriever is one of the main qualities of the breed and perhaps the most popular.
These dogs are very patient, quite intelligent, very easy to train and dynamic.
These characteristics make them great guide dogs, working dogs, therapy dogs and above all companion dogs.
Golden retriever breed dogs take a long time to mature, normally between three and three and a half years, which is when they develop their final character.
However, in the maturity phase they are still quite playful even as adults, which is why they are very much appreciated by families with children.
All these nuances of the golden retriever's character are the result of several decades of genuine selection to produce dogs that are really very obedient, very sociable and perfectly suited to hard work.
We have to point out that not all golden retrievers have the same character, although the most accentuated differences will depend on the education we give them.
Predominant golden retriever instincts
As with other retriever dogs, the golden's hunting instincts and especially those which take advantage of the fall of the prey are very predominant.
Therefore golden retrievers have a complete predisposition to follow and catch moving things such as thrown objects or fallen animals.
It is very important to note that these instincts do not develop when retrieving.
Although dogs are naturally predisposed to catch and chase, they do not usually hand over to the owner unless they have been trained to do so.
However, it is quite common for untrained dogs to force a game of chase with their owners.
This instinct is tremendously so strong that golden retrievers could play with a ball for hours on end without tiring.
This is a great advantage in training them, as they will get a great motivation which should be used for the reinforcement of the behaviour we want to encourage, but it could be a disadvantage with canines that do not have self-control and want to play all the time.
In addition, the retriever golden retriever is a true instinctive swimmer.
It is a breed that loves to dive into the water and swim for a long time.
Its coat is waterproof and is favoured in this activity, as it also protects it from low temperatures.
Retriever golden retriever breed dog Education
The golden retriever is statistically considered the fourth most intelligent dog.
Apart from that, it is easy to see that this is a really intelligent breed, so it will be easy to work on the education and training of this wonderful dog. We have many tips to train a golden retriever correctly, but without any doubt the main thing is perseverance.
When the golden retriever is a puppy, we can teach it to urinate in the soakers, and then learn to urinate outside.
This is also the perfect stage to stimulate him mentally, allowing him to develop his teeth by chewing on suitable toys.
It is also the perfect stage to start teaching him some very basic commands, such as sit, lie down or go on call.
It will be later, into his adult stage, when we will work more strictly on the response to basic obedience, and we will also begin to develop certain canine skills, such as tricks or different exercises that will allow him to feel totally stimulated in body and mind.
All this should be worked with the use of what we call positive reinforcement, not at all by means of the canine training of before (that is, with the usual use of punishment) since this technique hides the natural behaviour of the dog and he would learn with great difficulty.
Golden Retriever Golden Retriever breed dogs their Care
Healthy golden retrievers need no special care, just good food, plenty of companionship and direct affection, veterinary visits every six months and plenty of physical exercise for their activity.
However, we must not neglect the dog's care, with regular examinations, to check that he is completely healthy.
We also find it necessary to provide even some basic dog training that can stimulate the dog's mind and make his behaviour appropriate anywhere.
Feeding the golden retriever
The golden retriever breed dog that is no longer in the suckling phase will follow a mainly solid nutritional diet that must be balanced to give it the nutrients it needs.
There are different opinions as to what is the best food for this type of dog, from the theory that supports exclusive nutrition with balanced feed, to the theory that the golden's nutrition should focus on cooked food.
And finally, there are also those who believe that golden dogs should be fed almost raw food.
We also have to tell you that none of the above opinions is exactly the most valid of all, but the most correct thing to do would be to decide the diet with the help of a vet.
An important point would be to know what food he has been fed until he arrives at our home.
In any case, golden retriever puppies are generally fed between 3 and 4 times a day, although adult dogs usually eat 2 times a day.
Water is another very important point, as your golden must have access to fresh water practically all day long.
Since this breed has a tendency to obesity, what we have to do is to ration the food depending on the activity carried out, that is to say, the more activity the more food ration we will give him.
Another tip would be that if you use food for training your dog, take away from his daily ration what you have given him in advance to compensate for the calories.
Retriever golden retriever breed dog your Health
We assume that any breed of dog should have regular visits to the vet so that any problems can be diagnosed quickly. Normally in puppyhood or old age the average visit should be around six months, but in adulthood the visits can be once a year.
Of course, it would also be necessary to keep track of the golden's vaccination and deworming schedule.
Most golden retrievers tend to be quite healthy dogs that will easily reach a life expectancy of ten to twelve years. However, there are some diseases which are hereditary and which dogs of this breed can suffer from, reducing the life expectancy of affected dogs.
The most common diseases of golden retriever dogs are usually in puppies coming from some dog farms (usually sold in shops and fairs) and mostly in litters from occasional breeders.
However, pedigree golden retrievers are prone to some hereditary abnormalities, for example:
- Hip dysplasia.
- Elbow dysplasia.
- Obesity and overweight.
- Progressive retinal atrophy.
Most of these anomalies develop in golden retriever puppies or in older dogs, however, we must be attentive to the health of our golden retriever dog throughout his life and above all be very careful with food as they are quite greedy and will do everything possible to get you to allow them to eat a lot.